The MCVL was formed in the summer of 2014 and is the eighth NCAA men's volleyball conference in NCAA Division III.
The MCVL inaugural season began in January 2015 and included Benedictine University, Carthage College, Dominican University, Fontbonne University, Lakeland College, Loras College, Milwaukee School of Engineering (MSOE) and Mount St. Joseph University.
The MCVL was formed after six institutions (Carthage, Dominican, Fontbonne, Lakeland, MSOE and Mount St. Joseph) decided to split from the their previous conference affiliation, the Continental Volleyball Conference. Benedictine and Loras were added to the newly formed conference which is based in the Midwest.
In the winter of 2016, Adrian College, Greenville College, Marian University (Wis.), North Central College, Olivet College and Wittenberg University joined the MCVL to bring conference membership to 14. For the first time in league history, the teams were split into two divisions. This change lasted one year and was discontinued when Benedictine, Dominican, Lakeland, MSOE and Marian left the league.
Prior to the 2018 season, Augustana was officially welcomed into the league to bring the current membership to 10 schools.